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Our expert advice for different skin types

Dermatologist categorise people into six different skin types from phototype 1 – fair skin that burns very easily in the sun, to phototype 6, which is darker skin that does not burn as easily. (1)

The different skin types are:

 

Type 1, always burns, never tans (palest; freckles)

Type 2, usually burns, tans minimally

Type 3, sometimes mild burn, tans uniformly

Type 4, burns minimally, always tans well (moderate brown)

Type 5, very rarely burns, tans very easily (dark brown)

Type 6, never burns (deeply pigmented dark brown to darkest brown) (2)

 

People with a darker complexion have more natural skin protection but will still burn, those with fair skin burn are even more susceptible to sun burn. (3)

 

Here at SunSense, we recommend that help you protect your skin with a high factor, broad spectrum, sunscreen. Wearing a high-factor, broad-spectrum sunscreen every day helps protect against the sun’s potentially harmful UVA and UVB radiation, which can cause sunburn, pigmentation, premature ageing, wrinkles and skin cancers. (4)

Tip One – protect

Apply SunSense™ sunscreen

liberally at least 20 minutes

before going outdoors.

Be careful not to miss

any exposed areas.

Apply more than ½ teaspoon

(around 3ml) to each arm and

face/neck (guidance based

on an average sized adult).

Cover up with clothing,

hats and sunglasses, and protect

children and babies from

direct sun at ALL times.

Apply more than 1 teaspoon

(around 6ml) to each leg, front

and back of body (guidance based

on an average sized adult).5,8

Avoid prolonged sun

exposure. Do not stay too

long in the sun, even while

using a sunscreen.

Apply sunscreen evenly and

reapply frequently. Use a mirror

when applying to the face, being

careful to avoid the eyes.

Important to also seek

shade and avoid times when

the UV index is high.

Tip two – maintain

Use sunscreen generously,

and reapply frequently.

Reapply SunSense™

sunscreen every two

hours as directed, and

especially after swimming,

exercising, sweating and

towelling dry.

Waterproof sunscreen

does not exist, but

SunSense™ is water

resistant for up to 4 hours.

Tip three – monitor

Check yourself and your family’s skin regularly. Examine the areas that aren’t normally exposed to the sun. Look for changes in shape, colour or size, or a new spot. It is important to get your skin checked by a GP or specialist.

References: (1) http://www.bad.org.uk/for-the-public/skin-cancer/sunscreen-fact-sheet#skin-types cited 25th February 2019 (2) https://www.news-medical.net/health/Skin-Phototypes.aspx cited 27th February 2019 (3) http://www.bad.org.uk/for-the-public/skin-cancer/sunscreen-fact-sheet#skin-types cited 25th February 2019 (4) Flament F, Bazin R, Laquieze, Rubert V, Simonpietri E, Piot. B. Effect of the sun on visible clinical signs of ageing in Caucasian skin. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2013;6: 221-232.